For this first graded discussion, you’ll read a research article that studied how people react to being stuck behind a slow driver who is using a phone. Do they get angrier than when they are behind a slow driver who isn’t using a phone? You will be asked to write your thoughts about the study’s ethics, validity, and conclusions. When writing your answers, remember that I truly want to know your own thoughts. There aren’t right or wrong answers, as long as the terms are used correctly (e.g., don’t confuse “deception” with “debriefing”). Step I: Locate and read the study specified below. Follow these steps: Go to the Holman Library’s main page at: http://www.greenriver.edu/academics/library.htm In the Primo One Search box, search for the following DOI (Digital Object Identifier) by copying and pasting it. It will take you directly to the assigned article, which is titled, “Effects of Driver Cell-Phone Use on Driver Aggression”: 10.3200/SOCP.146.2.133-146 Click on the green text, “View Online.” Enter your student ID number into the window that opens, titled “Database Access.” Click the “Connect” button and you will be taken right to the full text of the article. At this point, you can read the article or download and save the article in .pdf form. The .pdf version has all of the graphics and formatting of the original article and might be easier to read. Step II: Draw from Chapter 2 to answer the following questions. Use correct APA style citations as needed. How internally valid does the study (McGarva, Ramsey, & Shear, 2006) seem to you? Does it have high, moderate, or low internal validity? Be careful not to confuse internal validity with external validity and explain your answer. (1 paragraph) Was the study by McGarva et al. (2006) ethical? When answering, apply the ethics we covered in Chapter 2 as well as your personal definition of “ethical.” Note that McGarva et al. were correct when they said that informed consent is not always required (p. 144). Informed consent is not necessary when a study involves watching people do normal, everyday behaviors in public. For example, informed consent is not required for a researcher to count how many drivers run a red light at a particular intersection. (1 paragraph) How could the study by McGarva et al. (2006) be improved? What could have been done differently to improve its internal validity and/or make it more ethical? Explain your idea(s) clearly. (1 paragraph) Reminder: Your answers to 1, 2, and maybe 3 should all contain APA style in-text citations, and you need a bibliography too! Refer to this post for examples and the resources in the syllabus for more about APA style citations. Helpful Tip: Here is a bibliography for you to copy and paste. Remember though, you must have in-text citations in your answers to get full credit. References McGarva, A. R., Ramsey, M., & Shear, S. A. (2006). Effects of driver cell-phone use on driver aggression. The Journal of Social Psychology, 146(2), 133-46. doi:10.3200/SOCP.146.2.133-146 Schacter, D., Gilbert, D., Nock, M., & Wegner, D. (2017). Psychology (4th ed.). New York: Worth.
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