Fundamental of Occupational Safety and Health

Fundamental of Occupational Safety and Health The article is basically about the reduction of heavy vehicle drivers in Australia and the relationship of this phenomenon to age. The writers, Duke, Guest and Boggess, were driven to write the article after noting that the cases of accidents primarily were caused by heavy vehicles. The article further researches on the statistics based on the age of the drivers. The main question raised by the article is what should be the course of action to be taken aimed a t increasing the number of drivers of heavy commercial vehicles and yet manage to leave the number of accidents caused by the very same vehicles at a minimum. The research project has focused the main agenda on the age of the drivers and the probability to cause accidents. The range of the drivers’ ages on which the research has its bases is from around the age of 27 to 69 and above. The research is very credible since it has used overly reliable sources. These include the records from the department of statistics that is based Texas and other well researched articles on the same topic. These statistics ensure that there is accuracy in the result and this has made the research outcome spectacular. The article has offered a number of additional resources, which the reader can apply in proof-reading and comparing the findings and the recommendations given with this article. The out come of the research is vivid in that it demonstrates that if the final findings were to be drawn on a graph, a u shaped curve would be seen. This shows that the drivers whose age is below 27 are very prominent subjects in the cause of accidents when driving heavy vehicles. The number of accidents caused by the young people decreased with an increase in the age of the subjects. This trend continues until the cases of drivers whose age is more than 69 are examined. These drivers might be physically challenged to drive and thus wind up causing more accidents. The number one basis, as to why this is the case is that the drivers whose age is below 27 or around that age are naturally careless and ignorant. They are also naturally never keen in their driving and frequently seen to show off their ˜pro’ driving skills to the people and end up causing harm to the fellow drivers and passengers. With a rise in age, the level of carelessness and ignorance decreases and keenness is observed by the ˜mature’ drivers. This is the case until the age of 69 is reached at. Drivers at this age are normally physically challenged and should be retired. They are normally challenged by the task of driving and hence very probable to cause accidents. The research findings also show that age is not the only cause of accidents even when it comes to the heavy commercial vehicles. The few hours of sleep that these drivers have contribute to a loss of seriousness in driving. Also fatigue, which may be primarily caused by inadequate sleep, has been seen to be another cause. The final one is utter negligence of the driver as well as events of drunken driving. The findings of this research happen to be very similar to what the course book refers to. It has touched on the basics of chapter 13, transportation safety and has the similar causes of road accident scripted down. It is however shallow in comparison to the text book. It is undeniable that the research project has almost exhausted the possible available data from the topic but its focus on heavy vehicles only supplements what is in the text book. The text book however agrees with every aspect brought out in the article and has no opposition whatsoever. It just happens that the book is more broadly investigate on the area. The article should thus incorporate the information gathered in the book to sum up the causes of accidents in the Heavy vehicles sector. This would have made the research paper more accurate and thoughtful. However, this, all that has been included in the article, is all the research could offer. The article concludes that drivers of heavy vehicles under the age of twenty seven are often over-involved to handle their job accordingly. It also suggest that the very young drivers and equally the very old ones are at a high risk of being involved in car accidents than those in between the ages of 27 and 69. The article further summarizes the statistics researched and written in a graphical representation and the outcome is a U-shaped curve that depicts that the least probable drivers to cause accidents are around the age of 48 to 50. In this manner it suggest that the government involved should encourage drivers of between the ages of 27 and 69 to be hired and those above the age of 69 to retire. It also thus discourages the employment of extremely young drivers into the heavy vehicle driving occupation. The article should however be credited for its extensive research done and all the effort put down by the three researchers. It can be used for statistical reference as well as the cross reference in research carried out in the same field. It is also short and precise making it good for the readers to go through easily and the use of easily understandable English also promotes its value a mile ahead. Reference Duke J., Guest M. & Boggess M., (2010) Age-related safety in Professional Heavy Vehicle Driving: A literature review, Canada: EBSCO

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