1. Explain the difference between instrumental and recreational drug use and the difference between licit and illicit drugs.
2. Describe three of the several ways drugs can be administered into the body. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each of them with respect to toxicity, side effects, and how drugs exit the body.
3. Summarize the Controlled Substances Schedules. Make sure to include their potential for abuse, the potential for medicinal use, and the level of physical and psychological dependence. Also include an example of a drug from each level.
4. Explain what US government agency gathers data concerning drug-related medical emergencies in hospitals. Be sure to include the agency’s two major concerns, the seven major circumstances most frequently addressed, and at least 2 statistics relating to the emergencies reported.
5. Explain at least three criteria that need to be present for substance dependence according to the DSM-IV. Explain and give an example of each of the four criteria used to define drug abuse according to the DSM-IV.
75 words Reply to Jaquay listed below.
Levinthal, C. F. (2012). Drugs, society, and criminal justice (3rd ed.). Boston: Prentice Hall. It is important to know the names given to drugs and the purpose of their use (Levinthal, 2012). However, once a pharmaceutical producer gets an official government endorsement to hold a patent on a new medication, it has restricted rights to offer the medication under a name alluded to as its brand name. The life of the patent cannot be utilized by another manufacturer because the brand name is an enrolled trademark of the producer. Nevertheless, while the drugs are on patent, the stimulant medication Adderall, utilized as a part of the treatment of a lack of ability to concentrate consistently scatter (ADD), is promoted under that brand name solely by Teva and Barr Pharmaceuticals, and the cholesterol-bringing down medication Lipitor is promoted under that brand name solely by Pfizer, Inc. Unlawful medications do not have mark names.
Street names refer to slang terms generated by a subculture of drug users for a particular illicit drug or combination of illicit drugs (Levinthal, 2012). Any listing of street names is bound to be incomplete, as the slang is continually changing. Illustrations are “speed” for methamphetamine, “smack” for white heroin, “dark tar” for Mexican heroin, “speedball” for a blend of heroin and cocaine, “grass” or “weed” for mary jane, and “coke” for cocaine.
Nonetheless, there are numerous young people utilizing, the date assault tranquilizer known as Flunitrazepam or Rohypnol (Miara, 1996). Rohypnol, referred to in the city as roachies, La Roche, rope, rib, rophies, roofies and unsettles, is appearing at parties held by young people from for all intents and purposes. As of December 1995, the government Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) had reported in excess of a thousand instances of Rohypnol ownership crosswise over thirteen states, including cases as far north as New York and as far west as California.
75 words reply to karla listed below
Drugs often have several names. When a drug is first discovered, it is given a chemical name, which describes the atomic or molecular structure of the drug. The chemical name is usually too complex for general use (“Overview of Generic Drugs and Drug Naming, 2018). The names that are given can range from tongue-twisting generic or chemical terms, to a catchy commercial word selected for marketing purposes (Levinthal, 2012). It is important to keep straight the different circumstances in which a drug name might be used. There are four major categories of drug names: brand names, generic names, natural-product names, and street names (Levinthal, 2012). I will discuss street name and natural-product names of drugs as these are the two I know the least about.
Street names refer to slang terms created by a subculture of drug users for a particular illicit drug or combination of illicit drugs. Any listing of street names is bound to be incomplete, as the slang is continually changing (Levinthal, 2012). Nonetheless, some street names have been around for a long time. Some examples of street names are “speed” for methamphetamine, “coke” for cocaine, “smack” for white heroin, or “weed” for marijuana.
Natural-product names are drug names that refer to (1) plants from which the drugs originate – such as marijuana, opium, amanita mushrooms. (2) chemical entities isolated directly form plants – examples morphine and codeine form opium poppies, cocaine hydrochloride from the coca plant, THC from marijuana or (3) chemical entities derived directly or indirectly from plants through a specific process – examples of this would be alcohol created as a result of the fermentation of grains, free-base cocaine and crack cocaine created from a chemical modification of cocaine hydrochloride (Levinthal, 2012).