Does a vegan diet help or hinder a person’s health or athletic

Body (health or athletics): Does a vegan diet help or hinder a person’s health or athletic Research Question: How effective are the methods of persuasion used by authors who hold strong views for or against animal rights? For example, you could begin with the argument made by Masson in The Pig Who Sang to the Moon, and then build your analysis by contrasting his methods with those of other authors. Or, instead of Masson, you could begin with Wise, Patterson, or Tuttle. Or you could choose an author of one of the books on reserve in the library, such as Adams, Marquardt, Linzey, Scully, or Spiegel. If you choose this topic area, you would need to judge carefully which authors are the most logically appropriate to synthesize and integrate into your argument. For example, if you use Adams, you would want to bring in the arguments of Alice Walker and Marjorie Spiegel, as well as key points in Patterson. But you would want to challenge their views with authors who strongly disagree with them. INFORM: Present examples of the author’s means of persuasion and those of others who agree or disagree with him or her. Include references to appropriate books in the library and to online sources. REASON: Starting with your synthesis of Regan, Cohen, and Singer, use the critical thinking methods we have studied to assess the effectiveness of the arguments you decide to focus on. Make careful distinctions between methods that are similar in some ways but have important differences. JUDGE: Use your judgment, which includes your values and experiences, to shape your views as expressed in your thesis and conclusion General Suggestions. Follow the advice in sections 49 through 56 of Hacker’s Rules for Writers. First, make a list of your own deadlines for completing each important step (see page 382). These steps may include (1) choosing a topic, (2) talking with a reference librarian, (3) planning a search strategy, (4) locating sources and evaluating sources, (5) reading and taking notes, (6) deciding on a tentative thesis and outline, (7) drafting the paper, (8) visiting the writing lab for advice on improvements, (9) doing further research if needed, (10) revising for better content, organization, paragraph development, sentence structure, and word choice, (11) editing for correctness, and (12) preparing the list of works cited. Permissible Sources. You may use any type of source, including books, magazines, professional journals, government publications, CD-ROM databases, and the Internet. Follow the advice and guidelines in sections 49 and 50. Ask a reference librarian in the Rosenberg Library for help whenever you encounter difficulty finding or evaluating sources. Taking Notes. Follow the advice in section 51c. Argumentation. Because a research paper must develop an argument supported by outside sources, consult sections 47 and 48, which covers the evaluation and construction of arguments, including how and when to use inductive and deductive reasoning, as well as how to avoid logical fallacies (errors in reasoning). See page 359 on appropriate tone. Thesis. Your thesis should express your informed, reasoned judgment. For advice about finding and supporting your thesis, see sections 52a, 52b, and 52c. Thinking for Yourself. Remember it is your job to think critically, to analyze facts and reasons, and to evaluate everything you decide to include in your paper. Your goal is to reach your own point of view after gathering as much information and as many lines of reasoning as time permits. Although research papers should be written in a formal, academic style, they do not have to be dull or passionless. Your style (voice and tone) should imply the way you feel about your position. Drafting and Revising Your Paper. Before you begin to draft your paper, review sections 1b, 1c, and 1d, as well as section 47. For information on revising, see sections 3a and 3b. Form and Style. The form and style of your paper should conform to appropriate academic standards of formality and format. See page 359 on appropriate tone. See the sample paper in section 56b. Be sure to introduce sources smoothly into your own writing, using mostly paraphrase and summary. Limit direct quotations. See pages 418-419 for advice on when to quote. And don’t forget to try using some of the templates and suggestions in They Say, I Say. Checklist. To maximize the quality of your research paper, refer to the checklist provided on the download list (on the Google site).

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