Describe at least five differences in nursing practice in the late 1800s and the 21st century (examples include education, work environments, staffing loads, subservient image, technology, etc)

1) Describe at least five differences in nursing practice in the late 1800s and the 21st century (examples include education, work environments, staffing loads, subservient image, technology, etc).—remember to paraphrase, read and then put the material in your own words and provide in text citation and referencing.

2) Additionally, describe what professionalism in nursing means to you and give three examples of how you can portray professionalism when you become a nurse.

3) Submit paper to online tutor, “writing lab” for review

As you research this topic, make sure your references are credible resources. (For example, avoid wikipedia, blogs, articles without credentialed authors, etc.) If you are unsure what a credible reference is, please reach out to the library team under the “resources” tab.

Your assignments should be 2 pages

Module 02 – The Historical Perspective of
Nursing Related to Current Trends

Perspectives in Nursing
This week you will discover how nursing, as a
profession, came to be, along with other health care advancements from ancient
times through to the mid-twentieth century. Why would you think it is important
to know the history of health care and nursing? Well, as we look back on the
beginnings of nursing, we can see how the image of a nurse rose from being a
subservient care taker of the ill (women’s work), sometimes practicing in
inhumane environments filled with untreatable diseases and damp, dirty, and
poorly lit rooms–to being “angelic in nature” in caring for the
physically and mentally ill patients in modern hospitals, clinics, and other
health care facilities today. Quite a change in attitudes and venues, would you
not agree? Additionally, looking back on the history of nursing care and health
care has spurred many innovative thoughts on how to improve our professional
nursing practice. Especially now that evidenced-based practice (EBP) has come
into being, which you will learn more about in future weeks of this course.

When Christianity began to evolve in the early
A.D. years and the preachings of Jesus were heard all over the ancient Roman
lands, the importance of human life and acts for caring for the sick and
disparaged became valued women’s roles. Catalano (2012) states, “the term
nurse is thought to have originated in this period, from the Latin word
nutrire, meaning to nourish, nurture, or suckle a child” (p. 24). You will
learn about how the “symbols” of nursing evolved, e.g., the nursing
cap, the nursing pin, and the nursing lamp. These are now considered parts of
entering the “legacy of the nursing profession” once you begin your
professional journey in nursing practice at the nursing pinning ceremony and
college graduation.

You will also learn about a few of the nursing
leaders from the mid-1800s to present day and how their profound theories of
nursing practice have influenced our thoughts and actions in caring for
patients today. These women were far advanced in their thinking of how nurses
should and could incorporate positive change in the development of our
profession. You will be asked to investigate a few of these innovative leaders
and derive your own thoughts on their provenance in nursing today.

You will learn about effective communication in
nursing, which will inevitably spill over into your daily lives at home,
school, and in the work place. Communicating with patients, care- givers,
doctors, interdisciplinary team members, management, and other nurses is vital
to quality patient care across the lifespan continuum. From talking with and
encouraging child-bearing mothers and spouses during labor to talking with
parents of infants and children and conversing on through the lifespan
continuum of those in our aged populations, you will be required to speak on
their level of understanding, make sure they understand what is being said, and
teach them to manage their health and welfare, even in the end stages of life.
Effective communication is extremely important in managing conflict and gaining
resolution to conflict in all venues of life. If and when you become a nursing
leader, communicating successfully with your staff and others, will become a
major role in your day-to-day activities. In most nursing supervisor roles, you
are ultimately held legally liable for the actions of those you supervise.

Finally, you will gain understanding to the
meanings of a profession, a professional, and professionalism. What do you
think these terms mean? Would being a professional on Wall Street be different
than being a professional nurse? A profession is different than an occupation.
Examples of an occupation are a waitress, a basic hairdresser, a waste
management worker, or a construction worker. A profession is usually
categorized at a higher level of work ethic and responsibility than an
occupation. Construction managers and engineers all work in the field of
construction, but are required to have a higher level of education, are given
more authority, and are required to maintain certain standards of practice,
along with looking and acting the part of a professional (well-groomed, wearing
proper clothing attire in the context of their job, displaying mature thoughts
and actions, and being able to communicate effectively verbally and in
writing). With all of this said, what do you think professionalism entails?

Enjoy this week of learning! The videos,
discussion, and learning activity are sure to spark your enthusiasm and
awareness in the world of nursing, yesterday and today!


Catalano, J. T. (2012). Nursing Now! Today’s Issues,
Tomorrow’s Trends (6th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis
Company.Checklist for Research Papers Written in the APA Style

Title page in APA format ? 12-point
Times New Roman font ? ???One-inch margins ? ???Page number (1) is aligned
right ? ???Header has Running head: TITLE aligned left ? TITLE in
header is ABBREVIATED if it is more than 50 characters ? ? Title of
paper, your name, Rasmussen College in center of top half of page ? ?
Author Note with date, name of your instructor, and course in center of

Body of Paper

???Header has TITLE aligned left and page number
(2, 3, 4, etc.) aligned right ? TITLE in header is ABBREVIATED if it is
more than 50 characters ? ? 12-point Times New Roman font ? ???Double
spaced ? ? Complete title of paper centered at top of the first page of
the paper ? ? Thesis statement appears in the first paragraph of the
paper ? ? Summaries and paraphrases are written in student voice ? ?
Source material is cited with in-text citations for sentences in which
source information is integrated ? Three or more consecutive words from
source material are treated as quotations ? Quotations are enclosed with
quotation marks and in-text citations include page/paragraph numbers ? ?
Student voice is evident

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